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The health and safety requirements for Fire in the workplace

Ensuring Compliance through Regular Inspections, is a legal requirement, so is ensuring you use competent people and don’t appoint on price, this will not protect you in a court of LAW

Fire safety is a critical aspect of maintaining a safe working environment in the United Kingdom. To prevent fire incidents and protect lives and property, the UK has implemented comprehensive regulations and guidelines governing fire health and safety in workplaces and construction sites. Among these regulations, BS5839-1:2017 sets out specific requirements for fire detection and alarm systems, emphasising the importance of regular inspections. This article explores the significance of fire health and safety, the key regulations in the UK, and the role of regular inspections in ensuring compliance.

Importance of Fire Health and Safety

Fire safety is of utmost importance in workplaces, where numerous fire hazards and risks exist. A fire can spread rapidly, causing injuries, fatalities, and extensive property damage. Prioritising fire health and safety helps protect employees, visitors, and assets, ensuring business continuity and compliance with legal obligations. It involves implementing preventive measures, conducting risk assessments, and maintaining effective fire detection and alarm systems.

Regulations Governing Fire Safety in the UK

  1. The Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005: This order is a fundamental piece of legislation that places responsibilities on the “responsible person” (typically the employer or business owner) to assess and manage fire risks in non-domestic premises. It covers various aspects of fire safety, including the provision and maintenance of fire detection and alarm systems, further amendments have been introduced under Article 24 of this order and came into force on the 23rd of January 2023.
  2. The Health and Safety at Work Act 1974: While this act primarily addresses general health and safety, it also includes provisions for fire safety. Employers must ensure the health, safety, and welfare of their employees, which encompasses implementing appropriate fire precautions and maintaining fire safety systems.
  3. The Construction (Design and Management) Regulations 2015: These regulations focus on fire safety in the construction industry. They require duty holders to consider fire safety during the design and construction phases of a project and ensure the provision of adequate fire detection and alarm systems on construction sites.

Importance of Regular Inspections as per BS5839-1:2017

BS5839-1:2017 is a British Standard that specifically addresses fire detection and fire alarm systems in non-domestic premises. It emphasises the importance of regular inspections and maintenance to ensure the effectiveness of these systems. The standard provides guidelines for the design, installation, commissioning, and maintenance of fire detection and alarm systems.

Regular inspections play a vital role in fire health and safety for several reasons:

  1. Ensuring Proper Functionality: Regular inspections help identify any faults, deficiencies, or malfunctions in the fire detection and alarm systems. This includes checking the condition of components, such as smoke detectors, heat detectors, control panels, and sounders. Detecting and rectifying issues promptly ensures that the systems will operate effectively in the event of a fire.
  2. Compliance with Standards: Inspections carried out following BS5839-1:2017 demonstrate compliance with the recommended guidelines and industry standards. Regular inspections provide evidence that the responsible person is taking fire safety seriously and fulfilling their legal obligations.
  3. Minimising False Alarms: Regular inspections help reduce the occurrence of false alarms by identifying and addressing issues that could trigger false activations. This helps prevent unnecessary disruption, evacuation, and potential complacency among building occupants.
  4. Extending Lifespan and Reliability: Proper maintenance and regular inspections can extend the lifespan of fire detection and alarm systems. By identifying and addressing issues promptly, potential system failures can be avoided, ensuring the reliability of the systems when they are needed most.
  5. Continual Improvement: Regular inspections provide an opportunity to evaluate the effectiveness of fire safety measures in place and make necessary improvements. This may involve updating equipment, enhancing procedures, or implementing additional measures to enhance fire safety.


The health and safety requirements for Fire in the workplace are now far-reaching and essential for the protection of lives, property, and business continuity. In the UK, regulations such as the Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005 please bare in mind this has been updated in 2022 and 2023 and you must comply witht he current ammendments as they affect your site, along with the Construction (Design and Management) Regulations 2015 govern fire safety in various settings. Complementing these regulations, BS5839-1:2017 emphasises the importance of regular inspections for fire detection and alarm systems. By adhering to these regulations and conducting regular inspections, employers can ensure compliance, minimise risks, and create a safer working environment for everyone.

You don’t get to pick and choose which regulations you feel like complying with as often seen when inspecting the paperwork of the cowboys who infest this industry.

There always were serious financial and legislative penalties for not doing it correctly, but the new changes have pulled many more people into the firing line, and the responsibilities are punitive if you get them worn or try and ignore them.